Periodontal Disease

Naperville, IL Dentist

Periodontal disease can vary from a slight swelling of gum tissues to periodontitis, a severe oral condition that may cause damage to soft tissue and bone alike. Indeed, periodontitis is the primary cause of tooth loss in adults in the United States.

Poor oral hygiene habits are one of the leading contributors to gum disease. Observing daily brushing and flossing, along with regular professional check-ups and cleanings, are crucial for maintaining great oral health. Neglecting these habits can result in plaque buildup on the teeth and along the gumline. If not appropriately removed, the plaque may harden into tartar, which can only be eliminated by a dental professional.

Without timely treatment of gum disease, tartar may continue to accumulate unhindered. This can lead to the advancement of the disease to gingivitis, a stage characterized by red, swollen gums that bleed easily – even from routine activities like brushing or eating. Other common symptoms at this stage include chronic bad breath (halitosis), tooth sensitivity, and discomfort or pain while chewing. Professional periodontal treatment becomes necessary at this point to prevent the progression of gingivitis to periodontitis.

If gingivitis goes untreated, it can morph into periodontitis, the most severe form of periodontal disease. In this stage, the gums start to recede from the teeth, forming small “pockets” along the gumline. These areas are incredibly hard to clean without professional help and could rapidly deteriorate oral health. When left untreated, periodontitis can result in the destruction of bone, gums, and soft tissues.

Factors contributing to periodontal disease include poor oral hygiene, diabetes, smoking, certain medication side effects, and hormonal changes in women. Individuals receiving treatment for AIDS also face an elevated risk of developing periodontal disease.

Recent studies have shown that untreated periodontal disease could negatively influence other aspects of overall health, particularly among those with cardiovascular disease or diabetes.

Our dentists possesses the expertise and training required to diagnose and attend to all stages of periodontal disease. If you have symptoms of periodontal disease, contact our office to schedule a consultation.